Definitions:


Last Updated: November 2019

Box spring (also commonly called a foundation): A ticking or fabric-covered structure used to support a Mattress or sleep surface, and may be comprised of a frame, foam, springs or other structure, or other materials, used alone or in combination, regardless of whether the product is stationary or adjustable. This includes new, used and renovated products.

Distributor: Parties that distribute mattresses to retailers or other sellers that will ultimately be sold to end users.

End User: A person (also referred to as a consumer) or entity (including but not limited to a hotel, dormitory, etc.) that is the ultimate purchaser of included products ultimately sold to end users.

Futon: Futons have been added to California’s definition of “mattress,” (as of January 1, 2020). For these purposes, a futon must meet the general definition of a mattress which the law defines as “a resilient material or combination of materials that is enclosed by a ticking, is used alone or in combination with other products, and is intended for or promoted for sleeping upon.” The fee and recycling obligations apply only to the futon mattress. They do not apply to the futon frame or base. These changes only affect MRC program participants in California. Futons are not included in MRC’s Connecticut or Rhode Island programs.

Included Products: Products included in the mattress recycling program under the mattress recycling law of that state. These products are subject to the recycling fee and are admissible for recycling through MRC’s network. Click here to see a list of included products.

Institutional Seller: A person or entity that sells or offers for sale included products for public or corporate use (such as a hotel or other lodging establishment, school, dormitory, hospital, nursing home, correctional institution, military facility, rental company or other non-residential end user) in one or more of the states that have enacted mattress recycling laws (currently California, Connecticut or Rhode Island) through any means.

Mattress: Any sleep surface covered with ticking or fabric that contains resilient material, such as steel innersprings, foam, fiber, or other filling or upholstery materials, used alone or in combination, regardless of size or shape, except for those products listed under the Excluded Products List. This includes new, used and renovated products.

Participant: A person or entity that is registered with MRC as: a) a producer, b) a retailer or c) distributor

Producer: A person or entity that: a) manufactures, renovates or imports included products, and b) sells or offers for sale those products in one or more of the states that have enacted mattress recycling laws. In Connecticut and Rhode Island, a distributor is also considered a producer. See 3.8 for producer obligations.

Recycling Fee (or Fee): An amount set by MRC that must be collected on each included product sold to an end user in one or more of the states that have enacted mattress recycling laws (currently California, Connecticut or Rhode Island)

Renovator: A person or entity that alters a used Mattress or Box spring for later resale by replacing the outer cover or filling, adding filling, rebuilding the used Mattress or Box spring, or replacing components with new or post-Consumer components. This does not include stripping a Mattress or Box spring of its ticking without adding new material, sterilizing or sanitizing the used materials, or altering a Mattress or Box spring for a party that will retain the product for lease, rental or personal use (and not for resale).

Retailer: A person or entity that sells or offers for sale included products to an end user through any means, including, but not limited to, through a physical store, or by remote offering, including sales outlets or catalogs, electronically through the Internet, by telephone, via a television sales channel, or through the mail.

Remitter: A party that is required by state law to collect mattress recycling fees (or their equivalent) and remit those fees to MRC.

Sell: The transfer of title of a product (by a Producer or a Retailer) for consumption by an end user, including, but not limited to, through a physical store or by remote offering including sales outlets or catalogs, electronically through the Internet, by telephone, via a television sales channel, or through the mail.

Unit: A mattress or box spring. (Effective Jan. 1, 2020 futons are included in the definition of mattresses in California only.)

URN: The Uniform Registry Number (URN) is a number that is issued by individual states to manufacturers. The URN allows states to track mattresses to a specific manufacturing plant and enable cross-state sales of mattresses. It is typically found in the Registration Number field on the bedding law label.

The number should follow this format:


Need help?
For more information about the Mattress Recycling Council, please visit www.mattressrecyclingcouncil.org.
For help with registration, reporting and fee remittance, contact us by clicking here, or by calling: 1-888-646-6815.
If you have other questions, please contact us at info@mattressrecyclingcouncil.org or by calling: 1-855-229-1691.